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I write a lot of ensemble music, and as soon as the music extends beyond three parts, it's necessary to ensure that each part has a suitable margin between the parts above and below. And that means that it becomes essential that the tune moves further up the neck of the guitar.
The seventh position is excellent when playing in the keys of C, G and D, the simpler keys.
A "position" is numbered from one upwards, and the basic definition is that the n'th position is when the left hand first finger is on fret n, and so in the n'th position frets n .. n+3 are available under fingers 1 .. 4
VII posn encompasses frets 7, 8, 9 and 10, and takes us as high as top D.
In many respects VII posn feels like II posn. For example
Broadly speaking, the same notes are under the same fingers in II and VII, (but on the next string down in VII posn).
However, because the gap between the 2nd and 3rd strings is different to all the other strings, it means that the notes on the second string in II posn aren't quite in the same place on the third string in VII posn. You won't believe me when I say you soon get used to this, but you do!
Classical Guitarists are about as far from jazz players as it's possible to get!
Most classical tutor books will give you a diagram like the one above, and then a piece to be played up the neck. That will get you playing up the neck, but not really learning the neck intuitively. It's having the intuitive feel that means that new pieces come good quickly, that memory is more reliable, that playing is more fun
Here's a better idea - armed with some simple tunes in simple keys (elementary recorder, violin and flute books are ideal), attempt to play them in VII posn. There's only one way to understand the neck, and that's to see what you can do with it!
A look at the chart above will show you that Bb is not available on the top string, nor on the second string, so VII is not suitable for F Major or D Minor.
In the same way, G# is not available between the fourth and fifth string, and so not all pieces in A Major or F# Minor will be under the fingers.
In the higher positions, however, it becomes much easier for the first or fourth finger to reach one extra fret and pick up all the missing notes.
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